PITTSBURGH COALFIELD

This is the grandaddy of the Western Pennsylvania Coalfields. Coal was mined in Pittsburgh in the mid-18th Century, and in the 19th Century the Monongahela Valley was dotted with numerous mines. Not many beehive coke oven plants were constructed in the Pittsburgh field. However, U.S. Steel, National Steel, and Betheleham Steel owned such metallurgical coal mines as Maple Creek, Mathies, and Ellsworth, respectively. One of the primary companies in this field was the Pittsburgh Coal Company. This company went bankrupt fighting the UMWA, merged with Consoldiation Coal Co., and became Consol. Coal mining in this coalfield continued into the twenty-first century with the opening of Murray Energy's High Quality Mine in 2003 (which clashed with the DEP and closed in 2004). And Consol's mine No. 84 was one of the last major coal mines in the Pittsburgh Field when it closed in 2009.

I know that the Pittsburgh Field has been subdivided into smaller fields, such as the Panhandle field, as is illustrated on some maps like the one I saw on the wall in the Heinz History Center back in 2003. But my 1916 USGS map treats the whole area as one big Pittsburgh Field and so shall I. It basically contains the coal mines under the city of Pittsburgh, the South Hills of Pittsburgh, the Burgettstown District, the lower Monongahela valley (downstream of Newell), the Pigeon Creek district of Washington County, and the lower Youghiogheny River valley (below Perryopolis).

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TOWNS AND MINES:

ACME MINES

ARNOLD CITY

ATLASBURG

AVELLA AREA

BANNING NO. 4 MINE

BELLE VERNON

BLAINE

CATSBURG

CHERRY VALLEY

COVERDALE

COKEBURG

CURRY

DUNKIRK

ELLSWORTH

ESSEN

FRANCIS

GIBSON

HAZEL KIRK

HENDERSONVILLE

HORNING

IMPERIAL

JACOBS CREEK

LINCOLN HILL

MANIFOLD

MAPLE CREEK MINE

MATHIES MINE

MONTOUR NO. 2

MONTOUR NO. 4

MONTOUR NO. 9

MONTOUR NO. 10

MORRIS MINE

MUSE

ONTARIO

PALANKA

PITTSBURGH TERMINAL NO. 3

PRICEDALE

SMITHDALE

SQUAW MINE

STAR JUNCTION

VAN METER

VAN VOORHIS

VICTORY

WAVERLY (SMITHTON)

WESTLAND

MISC

MISC 2


WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA COALFIELDS

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