SCALP LEVEL, PA (EUREKA NO. 40)


An overall view of the coal mining town of Eureka No. 40 at Scalp Level, Pennsylvania. The abandoned tipple is on the right, the large powerhouse is to the left of that, and the patch town is to the left and behind the powerhouse.


The Eureka No. 40 company town, built in 1905 by the Berwind White Coal Company to house the workers of the No. 40 coal mine. Note the large slate dump in the background.


These company-built houses on First Street originally looked alike, but have since been individualized with enclosed porches and different colors.


The rear of a row of patch houses at Eureka No. 40.


The Eureka No. 40 tipple, built in 1928 by Roberts and Schaefer. The unsheeted building in front of the tipple must have been an auxillary preparation plant built at a later date. After the 1940s this tipple processed the coal for Eureka Nos. 35, 36, and 37 mines as well.


The other side of the tipple, which utilizes concrete construction on it's lower portion and sheeted steel and wood on the upper floors.


What looks like a Chance cone in the ruins of the auxillary plant. Note the wooden floors.



The coal company initaials and mine name are cast in the side of the Eureka No. 40 tipple.


The large powerhouse still stands behind the tipple and auxillary plant. When it was built in 1906 it provided power for not only the Eureka No. 40 mine, but also many of Berwind White's other nearby mines.


There are only a few active coal mines remaining in America still using a turnover car dumper like this one.


These are the kind of underground rail cars that were emptied in the car dumper pictured above.


The purpose of this small steel car is a mystery to me. Perhaps it was used to transport tools or equipment underground. It also could have transported an injured coal miner.


There are many mine motors still sitting in the locomotive shelter (motor house), like this Baldwind-Westinghouse unit which probably dates back to the 1920s.


The sealed mine portal into the Lower Kittanning seam of coal. Berwind White Coal Co. closed the Eureka No. 40 mine in 1962. Apparently they leased the mine to other operators: Papers addressed to the Jandy Coal Co. dating from the early 1980s are in the old superintendent's office.


The bathhouse at Eureka No. 40 was built in 1923.


Inside the bathhouse.


Detail of the front of the mine office, across the alley from the bathhouse.


The safe inside the Eureka No. 40 office.


Eureka No. 40 is one of the most intact coal mining sites remaining in Pennsylvania. Praise and appreciation should be shown towards the people of the Windber area for preserving this historical treasure.


Wayne sent in this picture, and wrote, "In 1998 the guard at Eureka 40 allowed me to take a light from what we think is a mine car. It says, 'Grouse Hinds Co.' on a plate at the top. It reads, "Grouse Hinds Co., Incadescent Type MB CAT NO. 80450, Ohio Brass Co., Mansfield Ohio."


Another picture of Wayne's mine car light.


In February 2012 Sam sent me this sad picture from Eureka No. 40 and wrote, "This is what is left at Eureka 40. Everything else has burned or been demolished except the power plant." What a tragic loss for industrial heritage enthusiasts.


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