SCALP LEVEL, Pa. (EUREKA NO. 40)


An overall view of the coal mining town of Eureka No. 40 at Scalp Level, Pennsylvania. The abandoned tipple is on the right, the large powerhouse is to the left of that, and the patch town is to the left and behind the powerhouse. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The Eureka No. 40 company town, built in 1905 by the Berwind White Coal Company to house the workers of the No. 40 coal mine. Note the large slate dump in the background. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


These company-built houses on First Street originally looked alike, but have since been individualized with enclosed porches and different colors. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The rear of a row of patch houses at Eureka No. 40. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The Eureka No. 40 tipple, built in 1928 by Roberts and Schaefer. The unsheeted building in front of the tipple must have been an auxillary preparation plant built at a later date. After the 1940s this tipple processed the coal for Eureka Nos. 35, 36, and 37 mines as well. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The other side of the tipple, which utilizes concrete construction on it's lower portion and sheeted steel and wood on the upper floors. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


What looks like a Chance cone in the ruins of the auxillary plant. Note the wooden floors. (Nov. 2003 image by author)



The coal company initaials and mine name were cast in the side of the Eureka No. 40 tipple. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The large powerhouse was still standing behind the tipple and auxillary plant. When it was built in 1906 it provided power for not only the Eureka No. 40 mine, but also many of Berwind White's other nearby mines. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


There are only a few - maybe none at all - active coal mines remaining in America still using a turnover car dumper like this one. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


These are the kind of underground rail cars that were emptied in the car dumper pictured above. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The purpose of this small steel car is a mystery to me. Perhaps it was used to transport tools or equipment underground. It also could have transported an injured coal miner. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


There were many mine motors still sitting in the locomotive shelter (motor house), like this Baldwin-Westinghouse unit that probably dates back to the 1920s. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The sealed mine portal into the Lower Kittanning seam of coal. Berwind White Coal Co. closed the Eureka No. 40 mine in 1962. Apparently they leased the mine to other operators: Papers addressed to the Jandy Coal Co. dating from the early 1980s were in the old superintendent's office. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The bathhouse at Eureka No. 40 was built in 1923. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


Inside the bathhouse. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


Detail of the front of the mine office, across the alley from the bathhouse. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


The safe inside the Eureka No. 40 office. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


Eureka No. 40 was one of the most intact coal mining sites remaining in Pennsylvania before it was tragically demolished around 2011 or 2012. (Nov. 2003 image by author)


Wayne sent in this picture, and wrote, "In 1998 the guard at Eureka 40 allowed me to take a light from what we think is a mine car. It says, 'Grouse Hinds Co.' on a plate at the top. It reads, "Grouse Hinds Co., Incadescent Type MB CAT NO. 80450, Ohio Brass Co., Mansfield Ohio."


Another picture of Wayne's mine car light.


Sam sent me this sad picture from Eureka No. 40 and wrote, "This is what is left at Eureka 40. Everything else has burned or been demolished except the power plant." (Feb. 2012 image by Sam Baker)


G.S. writes, "I personally went to work in Mine #40 after high school and knew the first day I was in there that I wasn't staying - not because it was any different than any other mine - just because I wasn't cut out to be under a ceiling that seemed to me to be no higher than the lid of a coffin would offer. I worked two weeks to get a full paycheck and quit. However, I took a walk yesterday and made a visit to the mine entrance of Mine 40. I took a few interesting and shockingly dangerous photos of the old and 'supposedly sealed' entrance, and wondered if you would like to see them or possibly use them on your website? I took several inside the entrance but I dared go no further. I am a lifelong resident of Windber and I love history. Since I am now retired, I have been snooping around some of Windber's old mines and trying to get modern day views of what they (the portals) look like today. Mine #35's portal for instance was covered over a few years back and is now nothing more than a pile of strip cut slag. Mine #40 however is a different story. You may already know that all the old tipples, loading areas, etc. are now gone forever at Mine #40 and most of the other mines. When I walked down to 40 last week, I was completely stunned at what I found. I've attached five pictures for you to see and use if you want. I just think it's a fascinating part of this town's history and it's sad to see it being allowed to just completely disappear forever."


Metal door over the Eureka 40 portal. (2015 image courtesy of G.S., Windber, Pa.)


Behind the metal door. (2015 image courtesy of G.S., Windber, Pa.)


Inscription on the lintel over the portal reads "Eureka No. 40 - 1904" (2015 image courtesy of G.S., Windber, Pa.)


Looking through the hole someone knocked out of the concrete block seal into the mine. (2015 image courtesy of G.S., Windber, Pa.)


This is another sealed mine portal that G.S. believes was a haulage way portal for mine cars, whereas the portal shown above was probably a mantrip portal. (2015 image courtesy of G.S., Windber, Pa.)


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