Former Berwind-White Coal Company office in downtown Windber, Pennsylvania. Windber was one of the rare coal company towns that wasn't just a coal patch town. Rather it was a full-blown commercial town, with Berwind-White's smaller patch towns surrounding Windber. (June 2003 image by author)

This was Berwind-White Coal Company's main company store in Windber, PA - the Eureka Department Store. It is perhaps the largest company store I have ever seen. (July 2004 image by author)

This centrifugal mine fan is still extant at the site of Johnstown Coal and Coke's coal preparation complex at Allendale, PA. This is a different design than the axial vane mine fan. (Mar. 2004 image by author)

Unfortunately, this tipple that was at the same site in Allendale has been torn down. (Mar. 1988 image by Jet Lowe, HAER, Library of Congress)

Part of the coal mining village of Beaverdale, PA, where the Logan Coal Company operated. Michael Costanzo writes, "I came across your website looking for historical information about the Johnstown Coal & Coke Company. I was shocked to find photos of tiny little Beaverdale, PA - even more shocked to see in your photograph my grandparents' old house. My family has a long history in Beaverdale; my great-grandfather died in a mining accident at the Beaverdale mine in 1956. According to my grandfather, Beaverdale was a private town, although the Logan Coal Company built stretches of worker housing throughout the town. The housing in your picture along Jefferson Avenue was Logan-built housing, including my grandparents' house. He said that further up Jefferson Avenue, in the opposite direction of the photo, the housing was private, not company-built. They also built some housing in the village of Onnalinda, further down PA-869 on the way to Blue Knob State Park and what he calls 'the Shaft house on the road to Portage.' My mother thinks that is on the road across the creek in Beaverdale near the Roman Catholic cemetery. My great-grandparents moved into the house in the late 1920's when it was still owned by Logan Coal. They rented their half of the duplex for many years from the coal company with rent deducted from my great-grandfather's paycheck. My grandfather said that Johnstown Coke and Coal took over the mines in Beaverdale sometime in the 1940's. In 1953, the houses were placed up for sale and the miners that were renting were given the first option to purchase their half of the duplex or the entire home. My great-grandparents bought their half and my grandparents bought the other half. The store in the background of the picture was in fact a company store. My mother said it was a company store through the late 1950s until it became a private store. My grandmother worked there when it was owned by the Mihalik family in the 1960's." (Mar. 2004 image by author)

Mine ruins and gob pile at Beaverdale. (Mar. 2004 image by author)

St. Michael Orthodox Church in Portage, PA was founded in 1915. (Image courtesy of oca.org)

The Maple Ridge, PA patch town, up the track from Hollsopple, operated by the Maple Ridge Coal Co. This may have actually been a subsidiary of the Shallmar Coal Company. Several seams of coal were mined at Maple Ridge, but all mines closed by the 1940's. (Jul. 2002 image by author)

Large single family company houses at Wilbur, PA, built by the Wilbur Coal Mining Company during the 1910s, housed the workers of the Knickerbocker No. 3 and No. 4 mine. Deep mining at Wilbur ended in the 1950's, but surface mining of the coal continued for many years. (Aug. 2004 image by author)

An example of a modern day coal mining operation is Rosebud Mining's No. 78 prep plant on the Somerset-Cambria County line. The plant processes the Upper Kittaning coal from Mine No. 78, which was previously a captive mine of Bethlehem Steel that closed in the late 1980s. Rosebud reopened the mine in 2007 and the plant was completed in 2008. (Apr. 2009 image by author)

Sam sent in this photo of acid mine drainage around the Hughes borehole near Cassandra, PA, about which he writes, "As for the borehole, you can smell it from a half a mile away." (Image courtesy of Sam Baker)

A surface coal mine in northern Somerset County, PA in 2003. (Mar. 2003 image by author)

This building was a pump station for Eureaka No. 30 mine near Windber. (2015 image courtesy of G.S.)

Remnant near Dunlo, Pa. of the Henrietta No. 2 coal mine of the Henrietta Coal Mining Co. Don't know why they mispelled Henrietta - maybe some immigrant still learning English. (Mar. 2009 image by Mark Plummer)

Gahagen Coal Co. built the coal town named Rockingham, Pa. in 1916. (2018 image by author)

A manway portal into an underground mine near Portage, Pa. (Image courtesy of Portage Area Historical Society)

Ruins of a shop building from the White Elephant Mine. (Image courtesy of Portage Area Historical Society)

Gob pile and company-built houses in Bens Creek, Cambria County, Pennsylvania. Many coal companies mined coal at Bens Creek, including Bens Creek Sonman Coal Company. (Image by others)

Remains of Red Bird coal mine and patch town on the edge of Portage, PA. (Image by others)

As this old map attests, the Windber Coalfield contained some of the highest quality bituminous coal in Pennsylvania. (Circa 1959 map from the "Atlas of Pennsylvania Coal and Coal Mining, Part 1, Bituminous Coal")



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