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GARY NO. 12

U.S. Steel's U.S. Coal & Coke Co. subsidiary, which had been mining coal down the creek at Gary for years, opened up a new mine in 1943-45 on the edge of Anawalt, W.Va. This became their No. 12 mine. www.addlikebutton.net


As you can see on this old mine map the No. 12 mine was an isolated hilltop of Pocahontas No. 3 coal.


Photo of the opening of the new Gary No. 12 mine, courtesy of Chris. He writes, "My grandfather was involved with coal mines in both Lynch, KY and Gary,WV. He was a coal mining engineer and I remember visiting Gary in my youth. Too bad I never asked any questions! I have a picture that may interest you taken Oct 31, 1945 of the first cut being taken in the coal by the mining machine in Gary, WV North Portal Mine No 12....smokless coal." Note the employees of U.S.C.& C. with their hats raised in salute to the new mine. (Image courtesy of Chris Druehl)

Chris has an exact date, and I believe him. However, I wonder why state mining records show as starting production in 1943.


Even though the No. 12 mine didn't have that much acreage, and only operated for 6 years, U.S. Coal and Coke still built this company store. (March 2017 image by author)


A few of the remaining No. 12 coal camp homes. (March 2017 image by author)

1945 seems like a late date to build a coal company town in Appalachia. However, U.S. Steel built another coal company town - nearby Munson - at an even later date: 1947.

SOME OTHER LATE COAL COMPANY TOWNS TO BE BUILT IN APPALACHIA IN THE 1940S

1940-Burson & Braden, Pa.

1940-Marianna, W.Va.

1940-Lynco, W.Va.

1942-Republic, Ky.

1943-Gary No. 12, W.Va.

1945-Wilmore, Pa.

1946-Raven-Peerless Mine, Nicholas County, W.Va.

1947-Munson, W.Va.

1947-Keokee, Va. (reconstructed)

1947-Barrett & Clinton, W.Va.


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